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Chlamydia

Chlamydia is the commonest curable sexually transmitted infection

Signs and symptoms
The majority of women who are infected with chlamydia will have no symptoms but some may notice:

Increased vaginal discharge
Frequent or painful urination
Lower abdominal pain
Pain during sex
Irregular periods
Men are more likely to notice symptoms, but some may have no symptoms.
They may experience:

Discharge from the penis
Pain/burning on urination
Sometimes the eyes can become infected with chlamydia and both men and women may experience painful swelling and irritation.

Transmission
Chlamydia can be transmitted in the following ways:

Penetrative sex (where the penis enters the vagina, mouth or anus)
Mother to baby during birth
Occasionally by transferring the infection on fingers from the genitals to the eyes

Diagnosis and Treatment :
Samples will be taken from any place which may be infected such as the vagina and cervix in women, or the urethra in men, and sent to a laboratory for testing. A urine sample may also be taken. The results are usually available within a week. If the test is positive, the treatment for chlamydia is a simple course of antibiotics. You should avoid penetrative sex (when the penis enters the vagina, anus or mouth) until you have returned to the clinic and been given the all-clear by the doctor.

Long-term effects
In women, if left untreated chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, fertility problems, ectopic pregnancy and chronic pelvic pain. If you think you have been at risk contact your local NHS sexual health (GUM) clinic and make an appointment.

0800 567 123


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