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SIMILARITIES BETWEEN ISLAM AND HINDUISM – Part 6 - god.only.one



SIMILARITIES BETWEEN ISLAM AND HINDUISM – Part 6
SIMILARITIES BETWEEN ISLAM AND HINDUISM – Part 6
Dr. Zakir Naik

INTRODUCTION

In this series of articles, we are analyzing similarities and common grounds between two major religions of the world: Hinduism and Islam. In the previous article we examined and highlighted similarities between the concept of prophethood, and the attributes of God, in Islam and in Hinduism as mentioned in their respective scriptures. In this month’s article, we shall study the various prophecies in Hindu scriptures of the advent of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).



MUHAMMAD (PBUH) PROPHESIED IN HINDU SCRIPTURES:



a. Muhammad (pbuh) prophesied in Bhavishya Purana:

According to Bhavishya Purana in the Prati Sarag Parv III, Khand 3, Adhyay 3, Shalokas 5 to 8

“A Malechha (belonging to a foreign country and speaking a foreign language) spiritual teacher will appear with his companions, His name will be Mohammad. Raja (Bhoj) after giving this Maha Dev Arab (of angelic disposition) a bath in the ‘panchgavya’ and the Ganges water (i.e. purging him of all sins) offered him the presents of his sincere devotion and showing him all reverence said, “I make obeisance to thee, ‘O ye! The pride of mankind, the dweller in Arabia, ye have collected a great force to kill the devil and you yourself have been protected from the malechha opponents”.


The Prophecy clearly states

(i) The name of the Prophet as Muhammad.



(ii) He will belong to Arabia; the Sanskrit word Marusthal means a sandy track of land or a desert.



(iii) Special mention is made of the companions of the prophet i.e. the Sahabas. No other Prophet had as many companions as Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).



(iv) He is referred as the pride of mankind (Parbatis nath).



The Glorious Qur’an reconfirms:



“And thou (standest) on an exalted standard of character”

(Al Qur’an 68:4)



‘Ye have indeed in the Messenger of Allah, a beautiful pattern (of conduct)’

(Al Qur’an 33:21)



(v) He will kill the devil i.e. abolish idol worship and all sorts of vices.



(vi) The prophet will be protected against his enemies.

Some people may argue that Raja Bhoj mentioned in the prophecy lived in the 11th century C.E. i.e. 500 years after the advent of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and that he was the descendant of the 10th generation of Raja Shalivahan. These people fail to realize that there was not only one Raja of the name Bhoj. The Egyptian Monarchs were called as Pharaohs and the Roman Kings were known as Caesars. Similarly Indian Rajas were given the title of Bhoj. There were several Raja Bhojs who came before the one in 11th Century C.E.



The prophet did not physically take a bath in Panch gavya and the water of Ganges. Since the water of Ganges is considered holy, taking bath in the Ganges is an idiom meaning washing away or making immune from all sorts of sins. Here the prophecy implies that prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was sinless i.e. ‘maasoom’.



b. Muhammad (pbuh) prophesied in Bhavishya Purana:



According to Bhavishya Purana in the Pratisarag Parv III, Khand 3, Adhyay 3 Shalokas 10 to 27 Maharishi Vyas has prophesied:



“The Malechha have spoiled the well-known land of the Arabs. Arya Dharma is not to be found in the country. Before also there appeared a misguided fiend whom I had killed; he has now again appeared being sent by a powerful enemy. To show these enemies the right path and to give them guidance the well-known Mohamad (Mohammad) who has been given by me, the epithet of Brahma, is busy in bringing the ‘Pishachas’ to the right path. O Raja, you need not go to the land of the foolish Pishachas, you will be purified through my kindness even where you are. At night, he of the angelic disposition, the shrewd man, in the guise of a pischacha said to Raja Bhoj, O Raja! Your Arya Dharma has been made to prevail over all religions, but according to the commandments of Ishwar Parmatama, I shall enforce the strong creed of the meat eaters. My followers will be men circumcised, without a tail (on his head), keeping beard, creating a revolution announcing Adhan (call for prayer) and will be eating all lawful things. He will eat all sorts of animals except swine. They will not seek purification from the holy shrubs, but will be purified through warfare. On account of their fighting the irreligious nations, they will be known as Musalmaans. I shall be the originator of this religion of the meat-eating nation.”



The Prophecy states that

(i) The evildoers have corrupted the Arab land.

(ii) Arya Dharma is not found in that land.

(iii) The present enemies will be destroyed just as the previous enemies like Abraha had perished. The Qur’an speaks about these sorts of previous enemies in Surah Al Fil:



“Seest thou not how thy lord dealt with the

Companions of the elephant?

Did He not make their treacherous plan go astray?

And He sent against them flights of Birds

Striking them with stones of baked clay

Then did he make them like an empty field

Of stalk and straw, (of which the corn) has been eaten up.

(Al Qur’an 105:1-5)



(iv) Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) has been given the title Brahma to guide the opponents of truth.



(vi) The Indian Raja need not go to Arab land since his purification will take place in India after the Musalmaan will arise in India.



(vi) The coming Prophet will attest the truth of the Aryan faith i.e. Monotheism and will reform the misguided people.



(vii) The Prophet’s followers will be circumcised. They will be without a tale on their heads, they will keep beards and they will create a great revolution.



(viii) They will announce the adhan i.e. ‘call for prayer’.



(ix) He will only eat lawful things and animals, but will not eat pork. The Qur’an confirms this in no less than 4 different places:

In Surah Al-Baqarah chapter 2 verse 173

In Surah Al-Maidah chapter 5 verse 3

In Surah Al-Anam chapter 6 verse 145

In Surah Al-Nahl Chapter 16 verse 115

“Forbidden for you for food are dead meat, blood, flesh of swine and that on which had been invoked the name of other than Allah.



(x) They will not purify with grass like the Hindus, but by means of sword they will fight the evil-doers.



(xi) They will be called Musalmaan.



(xii) They will be a meat-eating nation.

The Qur’an permits humans to eat herbivorous animals in Surah Maidah chapter 5 verse no. 1 and in Surah Mu’minoon chapter 23 verse 21



(xiii) Commentary

According to Bhavishya Purana Part – III, khand 1, Adhyay 3, shlokas 21-23

Corruption and persecution are in seven sacred cities of Kashi etc. India is inhabited by Rakshas, Shabar, Bhil and other foolish people. In the land of ‘Malechhas’ the followers of the ‘Malechah dharma’ (Islam) are wise and brave people. All good qualities are found in Musalmaans and all sorts of vices have accumulated in the land of the Aryas. Islam will rule in India and its island. Having known these facts O Meeni, glorify the name of the Lord”.



The Qur’an confirms:

“It is He who hath sent His messenger with guidance and

the Religion of Truth, to proclaim it over all religion,

even though the pagans may detest (it).

(Al Qur’an 9:33 and 61:9)



and a similar verse ends with:

‘And enough is Allah for a witness”.

(Al Qur’an 48:28)



c. Prophet Muhammad prophesied in Atharva Veda

In the 20th book of Atharva Veda Hymn-127, some Suktas (chapters) are known as ‘kuntap sukt’. ‘Kuntap’ means ‘the consumer of misery and troubles', thus meaning ‘the message of peace and safety’. This translated in Arabic means Islam.



‘Kuntap’ also means hidden glands in the abdomen. These mantras are probably called so because their true meaning was hidden and was to be revealed in future. Its hidden meaning is also connected with the naval or the middle point of the earth. Makkah is called the ‘ummul Qura’, or ‘the mother of the towns’ or ‘the naval of the earth’ in many revealed books. It was the first house of worship of the One God where Almighty God gave spiritual nourishment to the world. The Glorious Qur’an says:



“The first House (of worship) appointed for men

was that at Bakka (Makkah) full of blessing

and of guidance for all kinds of beings.”

(Al Qur’an 3:96)



Another name for Makkah is Becca. Thus ‘kuntap’ stands for Makkah or Becca.

Several people like M. Bloom Field, Prof Ralph Griffith, Pandit Rajaram, Pandit Khem Karan and others have translated these kuntap suktas. The main points mentioned in the kuntap suktas in Atharvaved book XX Hymn 127 verses 1-13 are:


Mantra 1

He is narashansah or the praised one (Mohammad).

He is Kaurama the prince of peace or the emigrant, who is safe even amongst a host of 60,090 enemies.



Mantra 2.

He is a camel-riding Rishi, whose chariot touches the heaven.



Mantra 3.

He is Mamah Rishi.


Mantra 4

Vachyesv rebh ‘Oh! Ye who glorifies.’


Mantra 14

We glorify or praise the great hero with a song of praise and a prayer. Please accept this praise so that evil may not befall us.



(i) The Sanskrit word ‘Narashansah’ means ‘the praised one’ which is the literal translation of the Arabic word Muhammad (pbuh).



The Sanskrit word ‘Kaurama’ means ‘one who spreads and promotes peace’. The holy Prophet was the ‘prince of peace’ and he preached equality of human kind and universal brotherhood. ‘Kaurama’ also means ‘an emigrant’. The Prophet migrated from Makkah to Madeenah and was thus an emigrant.



(ii) He will be protected from 60,090 enemies, which was the population of Makkah. The prophet would ride a camel. This clearly indicates that, it cannot be an Indian Rishi since it is forbidden for a Brahman to ride a camel. According to Manu Smriti chapter 11 verse 202 sacred books of the east, volume 25, Laws of Manu pg. 472 “A Brahman is prohibited from riding a camel or an ass and to bathe naked. He should ...


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