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·´¯`·.•سبعون مسأله في الصيام•.·´¯`· | a-h-allah.islamic



·´¯`·.•سبعون مسأله في الصيام•.·´¯`·
·´¯`·.•سبعون مسأله في الصيام•.·´¯`·
ﺳﺒﻌﻮﻥ ﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻡ
ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﻣﺔ
ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺪ ﻟﻠﻪ ﻧﺤﻤﺪﻩ ﻭﻧﺴﺘﻌﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﻧﺴﺘﻐﻔﺮﻩ
ﻭﻧﻌﻮﺫ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮﻭﺭ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻨﺎ ﻭﺳﻴﺌﺎﺕ
ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻨﺎ ، ﻣﻦ ﻳﻬﺪﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓﻼ ﻣﻀﻞّ ﻟﻪ ، ﻭﻣﻦ
ﻳﻀﻠﻞ ﻓﻼ ﻫﺎﺩﻱ ﻟﻪ ، ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻻﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﻟﻪ ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺍ
ﻋﺒﺪﻩ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﺃﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ :
ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﺪ ﺍﻣﺘﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻤﻮﺍﺳﻢ
ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺮﺍﺕ ، ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺗﻀﺎﻋﻒ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻨﺎﺕ ، ﻭﺗُﻤﺤﻰ
ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺌﺎﺕ ، ﻭﺗُﺮﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ ، ﺗﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ
ﻧﻔﻮﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻴﻦ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻮﻻﻫﺎ ، ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﻓﻠﺢ
ﻣﻦ ﺯﻛﺎﻫﺎ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺧﺎﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺳﺎﻫﺎ . ﻭﺇﻧﻤﺎ
ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻖ ﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺗﻪ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ) : ﻭﻣﺎ
ﺧﻠﻘﺖ ﺍﻟﺠﻦ ﻭﺍﻹﻧﺲ ﺇﻻ ﻟﻴﻌﺒﺪﻭﻥ ، ( ﻭﻣﻦ
ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻓﺮﺿﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ
ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩ، ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ) : ﻛﺘﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻡ
ﻛﻤﺎ ﻛُﺘﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻜﻢ ﻟﻌﻠﻜﻢ
ﺗﺘﻘﻮﻥ ، ( ﻭﺭﻏﺒﻬﻢ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ) : ﻭﺃﻥ
ﺗﺼﻮﻣﻮﺍ ﺧﻴﺮ ﻟﻜﻢ ﺇﻥ ﻛﻨﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ، (
ﻭﺃﺭﺷﺪﻫﻢ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺷﻜﺮﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺮﺿﻪ ﺑﻘﻮﻟﻪ :
) ﻭﻟﺘﻜﺒﺮﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻫﺪﺍﻛﻢ ﻭﻟﻌﻠﻜﻢ
ﺗﺸﻜﺮﻭﻥ ، ( ﻭﺣﺒﺒّﻪ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﺧﻔّﻔﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ
ﻟﺌﻼ ﺗﺴﺘﺜﻘﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻮﺱ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻭﻫﺠﺮ
ﺍﻟﻤﺄﻟﻮﻓﺎﺕ ، ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻋﺰّ ﻭﺟﻞّ) : ﺃﻳﺎﻣﺎ
ﻣﻌﺪﻭﺩﺍﺕ ، ( ﻭﺭﺣﻤﻬﻢ ﻭﻧﺄﻯ ﺑﻬﻢ ﻋﻦ
ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺝ ﻭﺍﻟﻀﺮﺭ ، ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ) : ﻓﻤﻦ
ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﺮﻳﻀﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻓﻌﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ
ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﺃﺧﺮ ، ( ﻓﻼ ﻋﺠﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗُﻘﺒﻞ ﻗﻠﻮﺏ
ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻴﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺑﻬﻢ
ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ ﻳﺨﺎﻓﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻮﻗﻬﻢ ﻭﻳﺮﺟﻮﻥ ﺛﻮﺍﺑﻪ
ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ .
ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺪﺭ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻻﺑﺪّ
ﻣﻦ ﺗﻌﻠّﻢ ﺍﻷﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺸﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻡ
ﻟﻴﻌﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻭﺍﺟﺐ ﻓﻴﻔﻌﻠﻪ ، ﻭﻣﺎ
ﻫﻮ ﺣﺮﺍﻡ ﻓﻴﺠﺘﻨﺒﻪ ، ﻭﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﺒﺎﺡ ﻓﻼ ﻳﻀﻴّﻖ
ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﻣﺘﻨﺎﻉ ﻋﻨﻪ .
ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺧﻼﺻﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺣﻜﺎﻡ
ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻡ ﻭﺁﺩﺍﺑﻪ ﻭﺳﻨﻨﻪ ﻛﺘﺒﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ ﻋﺴﻰ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﻔﻌﻨﻲ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻭﺇﺧﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻦ
ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻤﺪ ﻟﻠﻪ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﻦ
ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻡ
-1 ﺍﻟﺼﻮﻡ ﻟﻐﺔ : ﺍﻹﻣﺴﺎﻙ ، ﻭﺷﺮﻋﺎ
ﺍﻹﻣﺴﺎﻙ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻄّﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻃﻠﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﻔﺠﺮ
ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻏﺮﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻴﺔ .
ﺣﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻡ
-2 ﺃﺟﻤﻌﺖ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺻﻮﻡ ﺷﻬﺮ
ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺽ ، ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻗﻮﻝ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ) : ﻳﺎ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﻨﻮﺍ ﻛُﺘِﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ
ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻡ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻛﺘﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ...


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