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•´¯`•)»(Guava Fruit)«(•´¯`• | a1.fruit

•´¯`•)»(Guava Fruit)«(•´¯`•
Guava is a perennial plant that
grows in tropical and subtropical
regions of Asia, Caribbean, Central
and South America, and Africa. It
belongs to the myrtle family
(Myrtaceae) and grows up to 25
feet upon maturity. It has tough
dark leaves, white flowers,and
round or oval fruits. The nutritious
rind of the fruit is green but turns
yellow or maroonwhen ripe.
Depending on the variety, the pulp
is white, red, orpinkish. The small
hard seeds are embedded at the
pulp. The sizes of the fruit range
from 4 to 12 cm depending again
on the variety. The rind is usually
eaten because it is considered
more nutritious than the pulp.
Guava fruit has lemon-like
fragrance butless sharp. It is sweet
or sour depending on the degree
of ripeness.
The most common species of
guava is Psidium guajava ,
commonly known as the Apple
Guava. It is the most common type
of guava in my beloved country,
the Philippines. It is one of my
favorite fruits as a child growing in
the province. My cousins, siblings,
and I used to pick guava in our
backyards. Eating the fruit became
exciting when we dipped it to
vinegar or salt. We don’t like
overripe guavabecause the taste is
little bit weird.
We also use the guava leaves in
different purposes. When we
havea wound, we ground fresh
guava leaves and put them to the
wound to stop bleeding. The
guava leaves will not only stop
bleeding but will also hasten the
healing of the wound. In the
province, boys with fresh
circumcision wounds prepare a
decoction of guava leaves to wash
their wounds. The decoctionwill
prevent infection and hasten
healing. The decoction is also
usedas remedy for fever. Our
parentsusually advised us to eat
guava fruit to strengthen our teeth
and gums. These are the
medicinaluses of guava that I
know. When Isearched the internet
for more health benefits of guava
fruit andleaves, I’ve got additional
information which I will share to
According to the US Department of
Agriculture National Nutrient
Database, 165 grams of guava fruit
contains 133 g water, 8.9 g dietary
fiber, 4.2 g protein, 23.6
gcarbohydrates, 1.6 g fat, 377 mg
Vitamin C, 250 I.U. Vitamin A, 81
mcg folic acid, 1.8 mg Vitamin B3,
0.1 mg Vitamin B2, 0.1 mg Vitamin
B1, 688 mg potassium, 66 mg
phosphorus, 33 mg calcium, 0.4
mgcopper, and 0.4 mg iron. Guava
also contains carotenoids,
flavonoids, and other
phytochemicals. I will try to provide
the health benefits of each of these
components of guava.
Water. We all know that water isa
necessity for survival. Dehydration
of the body causes death. The pulp
of guava containswater.
Fiber. This coarse fibrous
substance is largely composed of
cellulose which human cannot
digest but aids in digestion.
Fiberslike those found in guava
other fruits are considered to
play a role in the prevention of
many diseases in the digestive
Carbohydrate. This is our primary
source of energy.
Vitamin C. This water-soluble
vitamin is an important
antioxidant, a compound that
inhibits the destructive effect of
oxidizing agents like free radical, a
highly reactive atom or group of
atoms with unpaired electron. Free
radicals are linked to
variousdiseases like heart disease,
diabetes, hypertension, brain
disease, atherosclerosis, stroke,
premature aging, and cancer. Do
you know that guava has four
times Vitamin C than orange?
Vitamin C deficiency causes scurvy,
a disease with symptoms including
spongy gums, loosening of the
teeth, and bleeding into the skin
and mucous membranes.
Flavonoids. These are phenolic
compounds, mostly plant
pigmentsthat also act as
antioxidants like Vitamin C.
Carotenoids . These are also plant
pigments that work as
Vitamin A. This vitamin is
important for the health of the
skin, eyes, and organs. Deficiency
with this vitamin leads to
roughening of the skin and night
Folic acid. This is important for
normal cell division. Pregnant
women need folic acid
supplementto ensure normal
development of the baby. Folic acid
deficiency is linked to several cases
of miscarriage.
Proteins. These are needed for
muscle growth.
Vitamin B1. This is needed in
carbohydrate metabolism.
Vitamin B2. This vitamin is an
important coenzyme in many
biochemical processes.
Vitamin B3. The deficiency with
this vitamin (a.k.a. niacin) causes
pellagra, a disease marked by
dermatitis, diarrhea, and
disorderof the central nervous
Calcium. This element is
essentialfor teeth and bone
Potassium. This is important in
heart functions.
Iron. This is very important
component of hemoglobin,
proteinin red blood cell that
transports oxygen.
Other Health Benefits
Studies show that extract of guava
leaves has been found effective in
killing different strains of bacteria
such as Staphylococcus aureus,
Salmonella, and Escherichia coli.
These bacteria are known to cause
diarrhea. Drinking decoctionof
guava leave may help stop
diarrhea. In fact, decoction of
guava leaves is traditionally used to
treat diarrhea in different cultures.
The ability of guava leaf extract to
lower blood glucose level has been
observed in laboratory studies
where diabetic mice were used.
Scientists observed that guava leaf
extract is able to inhibit the
growth of cancer cells in vitro.
Preliminary studies show that
guava leaf extract has anti-
inflammatory properties.
There are scientific findings on the
ability of guava leaf extract to
lower blood cholesterol levels in
human subjects.
Decoction of guava leaf is
traditionally used as remedy for
Guava fruit and leaf decoction are
excellent laxatives; they promote
bowel movement in constipated

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