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:*:'Leyenda Taina De Guanina y Sotomayor:*:' | leyendas



:*:'Leyenda Taina De Guanina y Sotomayor:*:'
Puerto Rico
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LEYENDA TAINA DE GUANINA Y SOTOMAYOR

Guanina era una india taina. Hermana de Agüeybaná el Bravo, ósea el jefe de la tribu y de un grupo de bravos guerreros, el cacique supremo de toda la isla de Puerto Rico. Guanina significa en el lenguaje taíno: "Resplandeciente como el oro".

Los conquistadores españoles se habían apoderado de la isla de Borinquén, que así se llamaba entonces la isla de Puerto Rico.

En aquel tiempo, un indio llamado Guarionex vivía enamorado de Guanina. Guanina era la hermana del cacique supremo, ósea el jefe de todas las tribus de la isla.

Guarionex cada vez que veía a Guanina el corazón le latía a tal magnitud que parecía que se le quería salir del pecho. Cada vez que el la veía le declaraba su amor. Ella no le correspondía porque ella vivía enamorada de un conquistador español llamado Don Cristobal de Sotomayor, alcalde mayor y fundador de un poblado al que había bautizado con su propio apellido.

Guarionex lleno de odio mortal hacia Sotomayor, le gritaba: - ¡Don Cristobal, uno de los dos debe de morir! Tú no mereces vivir porque me robaste el amor de Guanina, y yo no quiero seguir viviendo si me falta su amor.

Los indios ya no podían soportar mas el trato cruel de los españoles. Los indios taínos los habían recibido con amistad y habían celebrado la ceremonia del guatiao ( pacto de fraternidad que sellaban con el intercambio de nombres). Por eso al cacique Agüeybaná también se le llamaba Don Cristobal.

Los españoles haciendo caso omiso al pacto, se repartieron a los indios como siervos. Los explotaban especialmente en los yacimientos de oro. Ya desesperados los indios anhelaban volver a ser libres. Una noche, celebraron un areito (reuniones para celebrar sus fiestas, recordar tradiciones, y tomar decisiones sobre todo cuando era necesario tomar una decisión sobre una guerra). Esa noche Agüeybaná y los taínos decidieron que los españoles tenían que morir para ellos poder ser libres otra vez.

Guarionex quiso el poblado de su enemigo mayor, que era Don Cristobal de Sotomayor. Güarionex no pudo matar a Don Cristobal de Sotomayor porque en ese momento Sotomayor estaba llegando al bohío de Agüeybaná donde Guanina le advirtió que se salvara que los indios se habían revuelto en su contra.

Sotomayor se fue con sus soldados a La Villa de Caparra para ver al Gobernador. Agüeybaná le prestó a Sotomayor a unos Naborías para que lo ayudaran con la carga. Pero en secreto les dijo que cuando empezara el ataque, huyeran con la carga. Guanina no quiso dejar a Sotomayor huir solo y se fue con el.

Los indios tainos los persiguieron y el ataque empezó. Sotomayor peleaba ferozmente con su espada mientras los golpes de las macanas de los indios le iban abriendo profundas heridas. En el momento de mayor peligro, Guanina se interpuso entre Sotomayor y los indios y recibió en su cuerpo la herida mortal que iba dirigida a su amado. En ese momento de distracción de Sotomayor, Agüeybaná aprovechó para traspasarlo con su flecha. Cayó Sotomayor en los brazos de su amada Guanina.

Agüeybaná mandó a que los enterraran juntos, pero que a Sotomayor le dejaron los pies fuera de la tumba para que no pudiera encontrar el camino a la tierra de los muertos.

Poco después los españoles rescataron los cuerpos y los enterraron, uno al lado del otro, al pie de un risco empinado y a la sombra de una enorme ceiba.

Desde entonces, los jíbaros dicen que cuando el viento agita de noche las ramas del árbol frondoso, se oye un murmullo, que no es el rumor de las hojas, y se ven dos luces muy blancas, que no son luces de luciérnagas o cucubano, sino los espíritus de Guanina y Sotomayor que flotan, danzan y se funden, cantando la dicha de estar unidos siempre.

Glosario:

bohío = casas o chozas donde vivían los indios.
Caparra = primera residencia del conquistador, gobernador de Puerto Rico, Juan Ponce de León
cucubano = insecto volador que despide una luz azulada durante la noche
jíbaro = nombre conque se conoce a los campesinos puertorriqueños.
macana = arma defensiva de los indios, hecha de madera más dura de una especie de palma.
Naborias = indios que trabajaban como siervos para un señor, ya éste un cacique o colono español
Taínos = palabra indígena que significa "los buenos" y que da nombre a los indios de las Antillas Mayores.
guatiao = pacto de fraternización que sellaban con nombres
areito = reuniones que hacían los indios para celebrar sus fiestas, recordar tradiciones, tomar decisiones, o declarar guerras.




******************

LEGEND Taínos of Guanine And SOTOMAYOR

Guanine was an Indian taina. Agüeybaná sister of the Bravo, the chief bone of the tribe and a group of brave warriors, the supreme lord of the whole island of Puerto Rico. Guanine Taino language means "shining like gold."

The Spanish conquerors had seized the island of Borinquen, it was called then, the island of Puerto Rico.

At that time, an Indian named Guarionex lived in love with Guanine. Guanine was the sister of the supreme chief, the chief bone of all the tribes of the island.

Guarionex every time I saw him Guanine the heart beat to such an extent that it seemed that he wanted to leave the chest. Each time the saw him declaring his love. She's not him because she lived in love with a Spanish conquistador named Don Cristobal de Sotomayor, founder and mayor of a town to which he had christened with his own surname.

Guarionex full of deadly hatred toward Sotomayor, he shouted: - Don Cristobal, one of the two must die! You do not deserve to live because I stole the love of Guanine, and I do not want to continue living if I needed his love.

The Indians could no longer endure the most cruel of the Spaniards. Taino Indians had received with friendship and had held the ceremony of guatiao (pact of fraternity that sealed the exchange of names). That's why the chieftain Agüeybaná he was also named Don Cristobal.

Spaniards to ignore the pact, were distributed to the Indians as slaves. Especially those operating in the gold fields. Indians desperate and eager to return to be free. One night, held a areito (meetings to celebrate their feasts, remember traditions, and make decisions especially when it was necessary to take a decision on a war). That night Agüeybaná Taino and the Spaniards decided they had to die for them to be free again.

Guarionex wanted the town of his greatest enemy, that was Don Cristobal de Sotomayor. Güarionex could not kill Don Cristobal de Sotomayor Sotomayor because at that time was coming to bohío of Agüeybaná Guanine where he warned that unless the Indians were scrambled against him.

Sotomayor went with his soldiers to La Villa de Caparra to see the Governor. Agüeybaná Sotomayor to him about Naborías to assist him with the load. But secretly told them that when the attack began, fleeing with the load. Guanine did not want to leave Sotomayor flee and left alone with him.

The Tainos Indians pursued and the assault began. Sotomayor fought fiercely with his sword while the blows of the club of the Indians he would open deep wounds. At the time of greatest danger, Guanine intervened between Sotomayor and the Indians in his body and received the fatal wound that was addressed to her beloved. In that moment of distraction of Sotomayor, Agüeybaná used to transfer your arrow. Sotomayor fell into the arms of his beloved Guanine.

Agüeybaná sent to the buried together, but that left him Sotomayor feet away from the tomb were unable to find the path to the land of the dead.

Shortly after the Spaniards rescued the bodies and buried them, side by side at the foot of a steep cliff and the shadow of an enormous ceiba.

Since then, the Jibaro say that when the wind stirs the night of leafy tree branches, you hear a murmur, which is not the rumor of the leaves, and two lamps are very white, non-lights of fireflies or cucubano, but the spirits of Guanine and Sotomayor floating, dance and melt, singing the joy of being united forever.

Glossary:

bohío = houses or shacks where the Indians lived.
Caparra = first residence of the conqueror, governor of Puerto Rico, Juan Ponce de Leon
cucubano = flying insect that fired a blue light at night
Jibaro name is so familiar to farmers in Puerto Rico.
macana = defensive weapon for the Indians, made of hard wood of a species of palm.
Naborias = Indians who worked as servants for a gentleman, and he a lord or Spanish settler
= Taino Indian word meaning "good" and which gives its name to the Indians of the Greater Antilles.
guatiao = pact that sealed fraternization with names
areito = meetings that made the Indians to celebrate their feasts, remember traditions, make decisions, or declare war.


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